[61] In all, 5.2 million foreign workers and POWs were repatriated to the Soviet Union, 1.6 million to Poland, 1.5 million to France, and 900,000 to Italy, along with 300,000 to 400,000 each to Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, the Netherlands, Hungary, and Belgium. A Soviet parachute drop by two battalions of the 201st Airborne Brigade and the 250th Airborne Regiment on 18 and 22 January was designed to "cut off enemy communications with the rear." Nov 24 Candy Darling [James Slattery], American transgender actress (Flesh, Women in Revolt), born in Queens, New York (d. 1974) Nov 25 Ben Stein, American actor; Nov 25 Mark Minkov, Russian/Soviet theater and film score composer, born in Moscow (d. 2012) Nov 26 Alan Henderson, Irish rock bassist (Them), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2017) The nascent national liberation movements among Ukrainians and Cossacks, and others were viewed by Hitler with suspicion; some, especially those from the Baltic States, were co-opted into the Axis armies and others brutally suppressed. Germany's economic, scientific, research and industrial capabilities were one of the most technically advanced in the world at the time. Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg [Germany and the Second World War] (in German). It is estimated that between 2.25 and 3.3 million Soviet POWs died in Nazi custody, out of 5.25–5.7 million. The Mortar tube was airbrushed with Gunze's Mr Color. Schützendivision unter Oberst Gorodetski auf das linke Ufer der Düna überzusetzen und die Rückzugslinien der 16. Im Allgemeinen jedoch lag die Verlustrate bei ca. Die Ostfront 1943/44 – Der Krieg im Osten und an den Nebenfronten [The Eastern Front 1943–1944: The War in the East and on the Neighbouring Fronts]. Comprising the 16th and 18th Armies and the 4th Panzer Group, this formation advanced through the Baltic states, and the Russian Pskov and Novgorod regions. Schützendivision drang von Norden her, die 212. Infractions by military and politruks were punished with transferral to penal battalions and to penal companies which carried out especially hazardous duties, such as serving as tramplers to clear Nazi minefields. In May 1941, after … Die Frühjahrsoffensive der Roten Armee endete am 12. Armee in Stalingrad - kaum wahrgenommen wurde: Die 9. World War II - World War II - The Eastern Front, June–December 1944: After a successful offensive against the Finns on the Karelian Isthmus had culminated in the capture of Viipuri (Vyborg) on June 20, 1944, the Red Army on June 23 began a major onslaught on the Germans’ front in Belorussia. Am 16. und 22. Deutsche Kriegsgefangene des Zweiten Weltkriege. VIII. Germany and the Soviet Union remained unsatisfied with the outcome of World War I (1914–1918). 130 kilometres (80 mi) west of Kiev, the 4th Panzer Army, still convinced that the Red Army was a spent force, was able to mount a successful riposte at Zhytomyr during the middle of November, weakening the Soviet bridgehead by a daring outflanking strike mounted by the SS Panzer Corps along the river Teterev. Winter–Spring Campaign – 1 January – 31 May 1944. Zunächst aus Ostpreußen, schließlich aus Schlesien und Pommern zogen Millionen in den Wintermonaten 1944/45 bei … Armeekorps auf Tauroggen angesetzt. Skorobogatkin, et al, "50 Let Voorezhennyk sil SSR" (Moscow: Voyenizdat, 1968), p. 457. Memorandum for the President's Special Assistant Harry Hopkins, Washington, D.C., 10 August 1943: In War II Russia occupies a dominant position and is the decisive factor looking toward the defeat of the Axis in Europe. In March, 20 German divisions of Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube's 1st Panzer Army were encircled in what was to be known as Hube's Pocket near Kamenets-Podolskiy. Nov. 1944 222.907 12.742 5.911 241.560 Dez. Oktober einen neuen Generalangriff ansetzte. Himmler pronounced a plan according to which ​3⁄4 of the Belarusian population was designated for "eradication" and ​1⁄4 of the racially 'cleaner' population (blue eyes, light hair) would be allowed to serve Germans as slaves. nach Kurland abgezogen und übergab die Befehlsführung am östlichen Düna-Ufer an die 16. Die Baltische Operation (russisch Прибалтийская операция) war eine Schlacht zwischen Verbänden der Roten Armee und Verbänden der deutschen Wehrmacht an der Ostfront, die vom 14. 1942: Rschew – Charkow – Unternehmen Blau – Unternehmen Braunschweig – Unternehmen Edelweiß – Stalingrad – Operation Mars Plus all the photos have been enhanced and look great! ... Sowjetische Soldaten während der Belagerung von Leningrad im November 1941. At the points of attack, the numerical and quality advantages of the Soviet forces were overwhelming. Consumption on all fronts during the same period was 1.493 million tons of explosives and 626,887 tons of powder. The German forces on the Mius, now comprising the 1st Panzer Army and a reconstituted 6th Army, were by August too weak to repulse a Soviet attack on their own front, and when the Red Army hit them they retreated all the way through the Donbass industrial region to the Dnieper, losing half the farmland that Germany had invaded the Soviet Union to exploit. Another consideration was that Berlin itself held strategic assets, including Adolf Hitler and part of the German atomic bomb program. Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg [Germany and the Second World War] (in German). November 1944 andauerte und in deren Folge fast das gesamte Baltikum sowjetisch besetzt wurde. When the Red Army invaded Germany in 1944, many German civilians suffered from reprisals by Red Army soldiers (see Soviet war crimes). German squad patrolling. We finally put the colonial and commercial policy of the pre-war and go over to the territorial policy of the future. London: Greenhill Books. Some historians like Bevin Alexander in How Hitler Could Have Won regard this decision as a missed opportunity to win the war. They fought in their own Waffen-SS units, including the Latvian Legion and the Galicia Division. [citation needed]. [46] According to Edward Ericson, although Germany's own resources were sufficient for the victories in the West in 1940, massive Soviet shipments obtained during a short period of Nazi–Soviet economic collaboration were critical for Germany to launch Operation Barbarossa.[47]. Das Unternehmen Doppelkopf, der deutsche Gegenangriff aus dem Raum Schaulen in Richtung auf Tuckum, konnte am 20. [105] Altogether, the Berlin operation (16 April – 2 May) cost the Red Army 361,367 casualties (dead, wounded, missing and sick) and 1,997 tanks and assault guns. Put 2 Hornet head and a stock DML head to the torture of my brushes. September im Zusammenwirken mit der 72. Am Südabschnitt wurde die 39. Hitler's insistence on holding the Dnieper line, even when facing the prospect of catastrophic defeat, was compounded by his conviction that the Cherkassy pocket could break out and even advance to Kiev, but Manstein was more concerned about being able to advance to the edge of the pocket and then implore the surrounded forces to break out. The success of this hedgehog defence outside Moscow led Hitler to insist on the holding of territory when it made no military sense, and to sack generals who retreated without orders. Juni Frankreich 1944 – Die französische Hafenstadt Cherbourg wurde von alliierten Truppen erobert. Get birth, death, marriage, baptism records from November 21, 1944. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. In a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast on 3 October, he announced, "We have only to kick in the door and the whole rotten structure will come crashing down. A small German garrison on the Danish island of Bornholm refused to surrender until they were bombed and invaded by the Soviets. The German garrison on the island consists of the 70th Division (General Daser). Aside from the ideological conflict, the mindframe of the leaders of Germany and the Soviet Union, Hitler and Stalin respectively, contributed to the escalation of terror and murder on an unprecedented scale. Army Group Centre's infantry divisions were left relatively unsupported by armour to continue their slow advance to Moscow. Two-thirds of all French trains in 1941 were used to carry goods to Germany. Ostfront 1944: The German Defensive Battles on the Russian Front 1944 Alex Buchner (Translated from the German by David Johnston) OSTFRONT 1944: The German Defensive Battles on the Russian Front in 1944 Alex Buchner. November In Operation Uranus started on 19 November, two Soviet fronts punched through the Romanian lines and converged at Kalach on 23 November, trapping 300,000 Axis troops behind them. [4][5] The Eastern Front was decisive in determining the outcome in the European theatre of operations in World War II, eventually serving as the main reason for the defeat of Nazi Germany and the Axis nations.[6]. [134] From 1941 to 1945, the USSR produced only 505,000 tons of explosives and received 105,000 tons of Lend-Lease imports. 1st » World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands. September 1944 startete die Armeen der Leningrader Front unter Marschall Goworow unterstützt von der Baltischen Flotte die sogenannte Tallinner Operation. "[111] Conversely, General George Marshall, the U.S. Army Chief of Staff, calculated that without the Eastern Front, the United States would have had to double the number of its soldiers on the Western Front.[112]. German production of explosives from 1940 to 1944 was 1.595 million tons, along with 829,970 tons of powder. The character of the war was thus determined by the political leaders and their ideology to a much greater extent than in any other theatre of World War II. [57] In 1941, Germany only had 18% of the oil it had in peacetime. [12] 07-jul-2018 - Explora el tablero "WWII 114 1944 OSTFRONT - ALEMANES" de JOSE, que 192 personas siguen en Pinterest. The intent was to pin Army Group South against the Sea of Azov, but as the winter eased the Wehrmacht counter-attacked and cut off the over-extended Soviet troops in the Second Battle of Kharkov. September erfolgten im Westen, aus den Raum Saldus (Frauenburg) zwei erfolglose deutsche Gegenschläge, um die Lage des schwer bedrängten XXXXIII. The Red Army achieved a ratio of ten to one in tanks and seven to one in aircraft over their enemy. The attackers’ right wing took the bastion town of Vitebsk (Vitebskaya) and … F. W. Winterbotham wrote of Hitler's signal to Gerd von Rundstedt to continue the attack to the west during the Battle of the Bulge: From experience we had learned that when Hitler started refusing to do what the generals recommended, things started to go wrong, and this was to be no exception. 16. As September ended and October started, the Germans found the Dnieper line impossible to hold as the Soviet bridgeheads grew. November 1944 - Schwerste Schlacht im Hürtgenwald beginnt ... Soldaten, sogenannte "Landser", werden von der Ostfront in die Eifel beordert. Walter Dunn, "The Soviet Economy and the Red Army", Praeger (30 August 1995), page 50. As the Red Army withdrew behind the Dnieper and Dvina rivers, the Soviet Stavka (high command) turned its attention to evacuating as much of the western regions' industry as it could. by thedons. They assumed the Red Army would not attack again, with the spring approaching, but on 3 March the Soviet Ukrainian Front went over to the offensive. Armee (General Romanowski) in den östlichen Teil der Stadt eindringen. Die Kesselschlachten im Jahre 1944 zugunsten der russischen Armee wären ohne diese Motorisierung nicht möglich gewesen. At the end of the day both sides had fought each other to a standstill, but regardless of the German failure in the north Erich von Manstein proposed he continue the attack with the 4th Panzer Army. Baltische Front unter Andrei Jerjomenko, 3. [citation needed] The Eastern Front was also made possible by the German–Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement in which the Soviet Union gave Germany the resources necessary to launch military operations in Eastern Europe. 1944–1951 годы // История СССР. September ganz Estland mit Ausnahme der Inseln Dagö, Ösel und Moon besetzt. #GrassMod ver. Introduction; Biography. The Red Army then launched a counter-offensive, Operation Kutuzov. Mai 1945 schließlich ergaben. They were supplied by air until April when they were given permission to regain the Soviet main lines. In the first week of November, on the outskirts of Ordzhonikidze, the 13th Panzer Division's spearhead was snipped off and the panzer troops had to fall back. Dieser Artikel behandelt damals im August 1944 aktuelle Nachrichten und Ereignisse. Summer–Autumn Campaign of 1944 – 1 June – 31 December 1944. Tenaciously, small units paddled their way across the 3 km (1.9 mi) wide river and established bridgeheads. Als am 6. By 17 January, the Soviets had captured Lotoshino and Shakhovskaya. [15] Wehrmacht officers told their troops to target people who were described as "Jewish Bolshevik subhumans", the "Mongol hordes", the "Asiatic flood" and the "red beast". Die Rote Armee verlor nach eigenen Angaben 218.622 Soldaten (darunter 61.468 Tote und Vermisste), 522 Panzer und Sturmgeschütze, 2.593 Geschütze und 779 Kampfflugzeuge. Because of Stalin's suspicions about the intentions of the Western Allies to hand over territory occupied by them in the post-war Soviet sphere of influence, the offensive was to be on a broad front and was to move as rapidly as possible to the west, to meet the Western Allies as far west as possible. [3] They were characterised by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations, and immense loss of life due to combat, starvation, exposure, disease, and massacres. German losses in this period of the war remain impossible to determine with any reliability. ", Atrocities against the Jewish population in the conquered areas began almost immediately, with the dispatch of Einsatzgruppen (task groups) to round up Jews and shoot them.[122]. A second attempt by the Red Army to gain land using parachutists, mounted at Kaniv on 24 September, proved as disappointing as at Dorogobuzh eighteen months previously. VIII. British and Commonwealth forces also contributed directly to the fighting on the Eastern Front through their service in the Arctic convoys and training Red Air Force pilots, as well as in the provision of early material and intelligence support. The Soviets incrementally upgraded existing designs, and simplified and refined manufacturing processes to increase production, and were helped by a mass infusion of harder to produce goods such as aviation fuel, machine tools, trucks, and high-explosives from Lend-Lease, allowing them to concentrate on a few key industries. Soviet tank-output remained the largest in the world. Ostfront 1944 – Die deutsche Heeresgruppe Mitte war vollständig aufgerieben worden. This idea of holding territory led to another failed plan, dubbed[by whom?] 120.000 #GrassMod ver. 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade. The fairly limited scope of the Soviet offensive, although still eventually targeted on Rostov, also allowed Hitler time to see sense and pull Army Group A out of the Caucasus and back over the Don.[86]. [164] According to Soviet claims, the Germans lost 75,700 aircraft on the Eastern front.[165]. by R D B S. Finnish Winter War SP and Coop Valour mod Talvisota!!! Am 10. It included the phrase All forces under German control to cease active operations at 2301 hours Central European time on 8 May 1945. [55] Overall, Germany imported 20% of its food and 33% of its raw materials from conquered territories and Axis allies. Battle was joined on 12 July, with about one thousand tanks being engaged. active-duty Heer, Waffen SS, Luftwaffe ground forces, personnel of the naval coastal artillery and security units. II, p. 245. Am 15. September fast 50 Kilometer tief vor. Rostov was recaptured on 24 July when the 1st Panzer Army joined in, and then that group drove south towards Maikop. Search. 1944 70.815 8.755 3.047 82.617 ... der „Ostfront“ selbst in den kampfärmsten Zeiträumen durchschnittlich drei vollständige Di-visionen pro Monat verloren. It was known as the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet Union and some of its successor states, while everywhere else it was called the Eastern Front. Baltischen Front unter Armeegeneral Jerjomenko konnten in den ersten drei Tagen die deutsche Verteidigung zwischen Doblen und Mitau nicht durchbrechen. At this time Hitler agreed to a general withdrawal to the Dnieper line, along which was meant to be the Ostwall, a line of defence similar to the Westwall (Siegfried Line) of fortifications along the German frontier in the west. [43] According to a presentation by Alfred Jodl, the Wehrmacht was up to 7,849,000 personnel in April 1944. RSS Articles (0 - 30 of 58) Reset. The Soviet Union came out of World War II militarily victorious but economically and structurally devastated. The cruel and brutally inhumane treatment of Soviet civilians, women, children and elderly, the daily bombings of civilian cities and towns, Nazi pillaging of Soviet villages and hamlets and unprecedented harsh punishment and treatment of civilians in general were some of the primary reasons for Soviet resistance to Nazi Germany's invasion. After the German defeat, Joseph Stalin promised his allies Truman and Churchill, that he would attack the Japanese within 90 days of the German surrender. The Soviets outnumbered the Germans on average by 5–6:1 in troops, 6:1 in artillery, 6:1 in tanks and 4:1 in self-propelled artillery. Die Kämpfe um die französischen Gebiete Elsass und Lothringen im Zweiten Weltkrieg fanden Ende 1944 statt. Baltische Front am 10. Operations Officers (Ia) Oberstleutnant Raimund Hörst (15 Aug 1940-Aug 1942) … Without Russia in the war, the Axis cannot be defeated in Europe, and the position of the United Nations becomes precarious. The toll was high: 20,000 Red Army soldiers died, plus several thousand Germans, Slovaks and Czechs. copper, magnesium, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, aluminium), chemical substances, petroleum (high octane aviation gasoline) and factory machinery. We stop the perpetual Germanic march towards the south and west of Europe, and have the view on the country in the east. Some recent reports raise the number of Belarusians who perished in the war to "3 million 650 thousand people, unlike the former 2.2 million. Whether Stalin was unable or unwilling to come to the aid of the Polish resistance is disputed. Critically, Guderian's 2nd Panzer Group was ordered to move south in a giant pincer manoeuvre with Army Group South which was advancing into Ukraine. None of the conquered territories gained any measure of self-rule. The Leningrad Front, the Volkhov Front and the right wing forces of the Northwestern Front were to rout the Army Group North." Gardearmee entlang der westlichen Düna vorrückten, erreichten am 27. From November 1944 through February 1945, a conversion process began to use sleeve bearings in the Panther tank, as there was a shortage of ball bearings. In the south the Red Army lunged over the Donets River at Izyum and drove a 100 km (62 mi) deep salient. Soviet intelligence reported that Germany would rather invade the USSR after the fall of the British Empire[48] or after an unacceptable ultimatum demanding German occupation of Ukraine during the German invasion of Britain.[49]. Tropical Items. While in Sicily the forces of Great Britain and the United States are being opposed by 2 German divisions, the Russian front is receiving attention of approximately 200 German divisions. According to British historian Geoffrey Hosking, "The full demographic loss to the Soviet peoples was even greater: since a high proportion of those killed were young men of child-begetting age, the postwar Soviet population was 45 to 50 million smaller than post-1939 projections would have led one to expect."[114]. Armee unter General Ljudnikow gegen die Front des IX. According to Zhukov, "During the winter offensive, the forces of the Western Front had advanced from 70 to 100 km, which somewhat improved the overall operational and strategic situation on the Western sector."[84]:64. This battle also enabled Army Group South to recapture Korosten and gain some time to rest. Bis zum 16. In the Soviet Union the end of the war is considered to be 9 May, when the surrender took effect Moscow time. Schützenkorps unter Generalleutnant Pern, welches aus Zwangsverpflichteten und Freiwilligen bestand, wurde während dieser Kampagne neuerlich im Rahmen der sowjetischen Streitkräfte eingesetzt. In the south, the German attempts, in Operation Konrad, to relieve the encircled garrison at Budapest failed and the city fell on 13 February. Hovhannes BaghramjanAndrei JerjomenkoIwan MaslennikowLeonid Goworow, etwa 280.000 Soldaten, davon etwa 61.000 Tote522 Panzer2593 Geschütze779 Flugzeuge, 1941: Białystok-Minsk – Dubno-Luzk-Riwne – Smolensk – Uman – Kiew – Odessa – Leningrader Blockade – Wjasma-Brjansk – Charkow – Rostow – Moskau – Tula The Soviet victory owed a great deal to the ability of its war industry to outperform the German economy, despite the enormous loss of population and land. Having already isolated the Crimea by severing the Perekop isthmus, Malinovsky's forces advanced across the mud to the Romanian border, not stopping on the river Prut. Five thousand tanks were provided by the British and Canada. The Soviet Union started a process of militarisation with the 1st Five-Year Plan that officially began in 1928, although it was only towards the end of the 2nd Five-Year Plan in the mid-1930s that military power became the primary focus of Soviet industrialisation.[22]. Mass repression occurred in the occupied portions of Poland as well as in the Baltic states and Bessarabia. Der erste sowjetische Versuch Memel bis 12. When it joined up with the southern elements of Army Group South at Uman, the Group captured about 100,000 Soviet prisoners in a huge encirclement. In Leskinen, Jari; Juutilainen, Antti. The Soviet attack was supported by a heavy artillery barrage, air bombardments and armoured forces. After the war the Soviets once again purged the Red Army (though not as brutally as in the 1930s) and demoted many successful officers (including Zhukov, Malinovsky and Koniev) to unimportant positions. Stoßarmee (Generalleutnant Sachwatajew) und die 67. Civilian deaths totalled 15.9 million, which included 1.5 million from military actions; 7.1 million victims of Nazi genocide and reprisals; 1.8 million deported to Germany for forced labour; and 5.5 million famine and disease deaths. This force was joined by additional paratroopers of the 8th Airborne Brigade at the end of January. An der Verteidigung der Baltischen Inseln waren die 23. und 218. "[84]:59–62, By April 1942, the Soviet Supreme Command agreed to assume the defensive so as to "consolidate the captured ground." They were now free to move west towards the British 21st Army Group and north towards the Baltic port of Stralsund. Kurlandschlacht die Offensive in Richtung auf Windau und Saldus fort. Adolf Hitler exercised tight control over the German war-effort, spending much of his time in his command bunkers (most notably at Rastenburg in East Prussia, at Vinnitsa in Ukraine, and under the garden of the Reich Chancellery in Berlin). Garde-Schützenkorps unter Generalmajor Bunkow gelang am 19. The next objective was to cross the Dnieper river, which was accomplished by 11 July. München: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. [84]:58–59, The Wehrmacht rallied, retaining a salient at Rzhev. Some historians say Stalin was fearful of war with Germany, or just did not expect Germany to start a two-front war, and was reluctant to do anything to provoke Hitler.

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